Causes of Periodontal Disease

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gum disease

Often referred to as periodontal disease, gum disease is an infection of the gum and bone tissues that help keep the teeth in the right place. This condition develops due to poor dental health, allowing bacteria to build up and solidify. If it's left untreated, it could lead to major issues for the gum and bone tissues that keep the teeth in place. Periodontal disease is also one of the leading causes of tooth loss in individuals in Plymouth, MA. At Plymouth Dental Group, we offer both nonsurgical and surgical treatment options for people experiencing any degree of periodontal disease.

Symptoms of periodontal disease

Periodontal disease can oftentimes be hard to notice, which can make it hard to understand if you have it. This means that routine appointments and biannual dental cleanings are a necessary step in diagnosing gum disease before it progresses. A few popularly reported signs of gum disease are:

  • Swollen, inflamed, or sensitive gums
  • Foul-smelling breath
  • Damaged gum tissues
  • Sensitivity
  • Discharge oozing from the gums and teeth
  • Loose or separating teeth
  • Bleeding as you brush and floss
  • Changes in tooth and jaw alignment

For patients who live in Plymouth, MA and believe that they may have gum disease, our professional team will help you take care of it before it worsens to more severe stages.

Degrees of gum disease

This illness comes in three phases:

  • Gingivitis: Gingivitis, the initial stage of periodontal disease, is a result of tartar buildup, impacting only the gum tissues. In this phase, the bone tissues have not been damaged, so gum disease is still treatable.
  • Periodontitis: During this phase, whatever problems to the gum tissues and bone that keep your teeth in place is not curable. Dental pockets may also develop underneath the gumline, which trap plaque and dangerous bacteria. Periodontal maintenance treatments and good dental health practices will help stop further issues.
  • Advanced periodontitis: The third stage of gum disease is diagnosed when the infection has resulted in disease-causing bacteria. This disorder necessitates laser treatments or surgical intervention to cleanse regions of bacteria beneath the gums. If not treated, wiggling or missing teeth, gum recession, and other major concerns will take place.

Ultimately, addressing periodontal disease soon is critical. At Plymouth Dental Group, we show our patients good dental health practices to avoid the progression of this damaging dental wellness disease.

Gum disease treatments

The procedure picked for you will be determined by the seriousness of your condition. Addressing gum disease immediately can minimize deterioration, as well as any need for a surgical solution. The ambition of any gum treatment is to enhance the state of your gum tissues. Some of the most popular gum solutions performed at our Plymouth, MA facility include:

  • Scaling and root planing therapy: SRP is the least invasive option that removes plaque near the gums and creates a smoother root surface. Removing rough spots lets our talented staff eradicate bacteria and create a smooth surface for the gum tissues to reattach effortlessly.
  • Gum lift surgery: To carry out this treatment, the gums are lifted back so plaque can be eliminated. The gums are then set so the tissue fits snugly around every tooth. This will minimize the open area separating the gum tissues and teeth, deterring bacteria from gathering once more.
  • Bone and gum grafting: Gum and bone grafts transfer a portion of the patient’s own bone or donated tissue to replenish areas of the jaw that were destroyed by gum disease. This will make the teeth more secure. Soft tissue transplants are provided to reinforce weak gums, as well as to address places where gum deterioration has occurred.
  • Crowns, bridges, or dentures: In the event that your teeth become loose, we provide a large number of restorative dentistry solutions, including dentures and implants, to restore the look of your smile.

Find out more about gum disease solutions in Plymouth, MA

If not managed, periodontal disease will continue to worsen to more advanced stages. At Plymouth Dental Group, we work with our patients to help them enhance their oral health. For more gum disease treatments, or to set up an exam at our practice, give us a call!

* All information subject to change. Images may contain models. Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary.